Cashew

Cashew as Geographical Indication

  • The quality, reputation and characteristics of the Vengurla Cashew is essentially attributable to its geographical origin and cannot be replicated elsewhere.
  • 86% juice content in Vengurla cashew apple varieties V5 and V7 which is 12% higher than average of other cashew varieties in India.
  • Highest Mean nut yield per tree in Vengurla Cashew gives highest production.
  • Wind coming from the sea accompanied by hot and humid atmosphere in Vengurla area plays a significant role.

Description of  Cashew

  • Appearance: The shape of Kernel is kidney like.
  • Size: The size of Kernel increases from varieties V1 to V7 and is longest in V7.
  • Color: Creamish white.
  • Taste: Sweet
  • Overall acceptability: Worldwide acceptance.
  • Vengurla Cashew apple has astringent taste and high content of vitamin C.
  • The Kernel weight of V1 variety is 1.39gm which increases to 2.9gm in variety V7.

Proof of Origin of  Cashew

  • Cashew was first introduced in Goa. From there, it slowly trickled to the Kokan coastline to Malabar.
  • The Kokan area in Maharashtra comprises of Thane, Raigad, Ratnagiri and Sindhudurg districts out of which Sindhudurg district takes the highest cultivation of cashew crop because of the most suitable climate of quality cashew production. Vengurla tehsil in Sindhudurg district highly cultivate cashew crop for its fruit cashew apple as well as for its nut.
  • Establishment of The Regional Fruit Station in Vengurla in 1957: Because of perfectly suitable soil, climate, rainfall and other environmental factors available in Vengurla tehsil

Geographical Significance

Soil:

  • The soils of Kokan are broadly classified into five types as Laterite soil, Coarse shallow soil, Medium black soil, Coastal saline & coastal alluvial soils and Reddish brown soil.
  • The soil formation in Vengurla is controlled mainly by climate. Most of the soils are derived from Lateritic rocks.
  • Lateritesare soil types in Vengurlarich in iron and aluminium, formed in hot and wet tropical areas. Nearly all laterites are rusty-red because of iron oxides. They develop by intensive and long-lasting weathering of the underlying parent rock.
  • Laterite soils have high clay content, which mean they have higher Cation Exchange Capacityand water-holding capacity than sandy soils.
  • Deep, friable well drained soil suits best for cashew. The soil in Vengurla is light, well             drained and fairly fertile.

  Rainfall:

  • At Vengurla average rainfall is 2916 mm. Cashew requires a minimum rainfall of 600 mm and above and continued adequate soil moisture is, however, necessary for the success of a cashew plantation. Vengurla witnesses rain for full four months June, July, August and September.

  Climate

  • The temperature at Vengurla tehsil ranges from 17.40C to 32.90C. As Vengurla being situated in coastal district, the climate is generally moist and humid.
  • Normally humidity ranges from 63 % to 88 %. Weather plays a decisive role in Cashewnut production.

Uniqueness of  Cashew

High Juice content

  • 86% juice content in Vengurla cashew apple varieties V5 and V7 .
  • 12% higher juice than average of other cashew varieties in India.

    Best Shelling

  • Vengurla Variety V2 has highest shell thickness.
  • It gives best protection to the Kernel.

High Vitamin C

  • Cashew apple – Rich source of Vitamin C
  • Five times high vitamin C than orange.

Nut Yeild

  • Mean nut yield per tree is 24Kg in Vengurla variety V2. Highest among all varieties in India.

Less Wrinkles

  • No or very few wrinkles on Vengurla Cashew as compared to Nandurbar Cashew.
  • Catchy appearance
  • Worldwide large demand.

Cashew nut storage

  • Cashew nuts dried 4-5 times in sunlight to remove moisture completely.
  • After cooling, nuts are packed in plastic bags and then plastic bags are kept in gunny.
  • Gunny sacks are stored in godown for further nut processing.
  • Storing place / godown should be at higher level from floor – for that one feet heightened wooden platforms are used to keep gunny.
  • Exhaust should be there in the godown (store house).
  • Godown should be humid free.