Fig

 Fig as Geographical Indication

  • Purandar is  known as Anjir Aagarfor more than 100 years
  • Highest production area,  80-85%  of fig cultivation area of Maharashtra is in Purandar taluka.
  • Arid or semiarid environment, high summer temperature, plenty of sunshine and moderate water in the Purandar tehsil is highly suitable for higher production of Purandar Fig.
  • High Potassium and calcium content of red and black Purandar Soil is apparently responsible for the attractive violet color and size of Purandar Fig.

Uniqueness of  Fig

  • Distinct Bell-shaped; attractive violet color
  • High Pulp Content : More than 80% pulp (Avg. 89.56%)
  • Excellent Sweet Taste
  • Low Acidity (0.20 – 0.22)
  • High Total Soluble Sugar content (15-180Brix)
  • Large Size: Fruit length  4-5cm,  Fruit breadth 3-4cm.
  • High Yielding variety :60 – 70 Kg yield per tree
  • Best Suited variety for both seasons like Khatta Bahar and Meetha Bahar
  • Resistance to splitting during maturity

Proof of Origin

  • More than hundred years, fig variety cultivated in Pune, Saswad and Daulatabad region is famous as Poona fig’. It is also known as ‘Dive Anjir’.
  • In 1338, during shifting of capital city of Mohamad Tughalaq: ‘Delhi’ to ‘Daulatabad’, Fig was cultivated successfully in Daulatabad region.
  • The Great Maratha Emperor Shrimant Bajirao-1 Peshave (August 18, 1700 – April 28, 1740) had brought Figs in Saswad via Bundelkhand war. He had established ‘Anjir Baug’ in Diveghat in Saswad tehsil during this period.
  • Especially, in 1904, First fig was commercially cultivated at Jadhavwadi of Dive village in Purandar Tehsil.
  • The reference was found that Dr. Chima did survey on fig in Saswad and Alandi area in 1921  which indicates Purandar Fig was famous earlier to 1921 also.

Description of Fig 

  • Shape:  Bell-shaped or pear shape
  • Size:  Large to medium
  • Colour:  light purple color/ violet
  • Pulp:  Pinkish Strawberry like pulp.
  • Fruit length:  4-5cm
  • Fruit breadth:  3-4cm
  • Fruit Weight:  60-70 gms
  • Yield per tree(Kg):  60-70Kg

Geographical Significance

  • The size, shape, skin colour and pulp quality of Purandar Figs are significantly affected by climate and micro climatic conditions. The size of the fruit is larger in hilly area than the fruit size in plain area
  • Purandar tehsil is blessed with arid or semiarid environment, high summer temperature, plenty of sunshine and moderate water. The highest temperature of Purandar tehsil is 39.050C and minimum temperature is 10.50 0C. When the temperature is 15 – 360C it helps in good growth of the fruit.
  • For fig fruit the rainfall should be in the range of 600 to 800 mm. The annual average rainfall is about 814 mm.
  •       Soil
  • Calcium rich soil is found in the Purandar Taluka. The potassium soil ratio is more which gains the productivity of  such slippery land. It is very important for fig horticulture.
  • The agro-climatic factors such as Dry weather, Hilly slope, well drained medium land are essential for Purandar Fig cultivation.  Such climate is observed in Purandar taluka.