Jowar

 Jowar As Geographical Indication

  • Ranking Crop in Solapur District – Solapur district especially Mangalwedha tehsil is known for Maldandi Jowar.
  • It is found that the post-monsoon sorghum area is dominated by Maldandi.
  • Mangalwedha is a major producer of Mangalwedha jowar in Maharashtra.
  • In Mangalwedha tehsil 60.45 percent area was under this crop in 1990-91 and it increased in 2004-05 i.e. 74.94 percent.
  • Many farmers believe that milk of cows and buffaloes contains high percentage of fat after consuming this Jowar Fodder, fetches high price in the market.
  • The Market survey conducted in the year 2007 by National Research Centre for Sorghum Hyderabad says that the variety M-35 still enjoys the status of the best and most popular grade in the entire market.
  • Especially, the unique Mangalwedha Jowar is best suited for ‘Hurda’. Now a day the urban people enjoy the ‘Hurda’ party. The Maldandi Hurda party can fetch Agro-tourism as it has better taste and is good for digestion.
  • Mangalwedha Jowar is nutritionally superior, sweet in taste and easy for digestion.
  • The people from Dubai have shown inclination for the taste of Jowar from Solapur.
  • Recently 1000 quintals of Mangalwedha Jowar from Akkalkot market has been exported to Dubai.

Proof of Origin

  • Maldandi Jowar is traditional variety of Jowar in Mangalwedha Taluka of Solapur District.
  • Sorghum Research Centre at Mohol was established by British Government in 1918 to perform research on Mangalwedha Jowar.
  • Mangalwedha Jowar is local ‘Wan’ (kind of Jowar), selected to develop hybrid varieties of Jowar in 1930 at Mohol Research Centre.
  • Maldandi Jowar is a traditional crop of Mangalwedha Taluka in Solapur District, being cultivated for several hundred years for grain and fodder use.

Uniqueness of  Jowar

  • Bold lustrous grain with thin pericarp
  • Contains high percentage of glucose as compare to other Jowar.
  • No use of pesticides or fungicides as it is resistant to all kind of diseases and pests.
  • Gives good response to photoperiod sensitivity (short day length).
  • Irrespective of temperature fluctuations and sowing dates, flowering and maturity, Mangalwedha Jowar is least affected
  • Inherent quality/traits save it from insects like shoot fly and aphids and diseases like charcoal and rust.
  • Low temperature tolerance
  • hence Roti made from it is widely believed to be the best for taste and softness because of Gluten content.
  • Finest grain yield and grain quality, fodder yield and fodder quality.

Geographical Significance

  • Soil of Mangalwedha taluka is deep black soil. Soil depth is 40 to 50 feet. It contains good moisture.
  • The climate of the district is hot and dry. The average rainfall is registered 519.8mm.
  • Unique cropping system

–Instead of growing crop in warm summer-monsoon season it is sown after the rain end in September/October and harvested in February.

–Crop planted in deep black soils that retain large amounts of season’s excess rainwater; the sorghum roots then extract that water to support plant growth.

  • Moisture availability in soil at Mangalwedha Taluka is very high as soil depth is 40 to 50 feet with a good drainage. It can sustain even one time rain in monsoon.